For part 6 click on –> MY TWEETS ON PRE-PARTITION HISTORY – PART 6
“Mahatma” Gandhi’s life in South Africa.
1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born in 1869 went to England for higher studies at age of 18.
2.At the age of 22 he was called to the Bar. Gandhi stayed in London without work for 2 years and came back to India.
3. Gandhi went to South Africa when he was 24 to save Abdullah &co. whose business was smuggling and he charged very much for this.
4.Gandhi stayed in South Africa for almost 24 years and returned to India in 1916. This is a long period in the prime of his adult life.
5. We will examine Gandhi’s 24 years of South Africa life which is being glossed over by Congi historians.
6. Gopala Krishna Gokhale was guru and mentor for both Gandhi & Jinnah. Gokhale was an admirer of everything British and nothing Hindu.
7. Gokhale was a truest British bootlicker. He despised revolutionary challenges to the British and advocated peaceful plea for reforms.
8. Gokhale died in 1915 at the age of 49.
9. Gandhi entered Indian politics through INC in 1918 to wear Gokhale’s mantle but Tilak’s radical influence was a stumbling block.
10. It is only 4 years after Tilak’s death in 1920 that Gandhi became the president of INC in 1924.
11. Gandhi had iron hold on INC for about 10 years but started losing his grip for 14 years from 1920 to 1938 when Netaji became president against his will twice in 1938 & 1939.
12.Gandhi constantly conspired using his men in the CWC to derail and frustrate Netaji. Netaji was also arrested but escaped British clutch.
13. Netaji’s INArmy & attack on British from outside during the war & the Indian Naval Mutiny of 1946 set the political future of India.
14. Gandhi and his chela Nehru were under protective groom of the British colonialists during this period.
15. The British left India in August 1947 after handing power to their henchman Jawaharlal Nehru.
16. So there are 3 distinct period in Gandhi’s life – (a) His 24 years in South Africa which was the longest but hidden by Congress;
17. (b) His 14 years of unchallenged hold on the Indian political process from 1924 to 1938; and
18. (c) His 10 years of total wrecking and betrayal of Indian revolution from 1938 to 1948 when he was finally assasinated.
19. Let’s start with his life and role in South Africa for more than 2 decades.
20. One cannot help but discern that there is not a single Black person anywhere in any of the photos of Gandhi during that time.
21. Gandhi hated Black people. Only a few scholars are aware of this background. ( G.B.Singh http://www.secularhumanism.org/library/aah/singh_12_3.htm)
22. Most of the tweets (on Gandhi’s South Africa life) from now on are direct quotes from G.B.Singh.
23. In 1906 Gandhi had participated in a war against Blacks.The Gandhian literature either keeps quiet on the subject.
24. INC historians try to paint Gandhi as a great humanitarian who actually helped Blacks by rendering to them urgent medical care.
25. However, I (G.B.Singh) found that Gandhi’s participation had nothing to do with “humanitarian concerns” for Black people.
26. He was more concerned with “allying relationships” with the colonial Whites living in Natal colony.
27. Driven by his racial outlook, he went out of his way 2 enlist Indians 2 join the army under him 2 fight 4 his cause against the Blacks.
28. He also considered Indians living in South Africa to be “fellow colonists” along with the White colonists, over the indigenous Blacks.
29. Popular history books laud the myth of Gandhi’s successes in his struggles for his people against the system of apartheid.
30. Nothing could be further from the truth. We need to ask: If Gandhi’s technique was so good and was of such tremendous importance 1/2
31. to the suffering Blacks of South Africa, then why is it that not a single Black newspaper ever mentioned Gandhi’s Satyagraha? 2/2
32. I learned that the inception of Gandhi’s Satyagraha had the underpinnings of anti-Black racism.
33. This especially came to light after Gandhi was convicted for breaking the law in 1908, and then sentenced.
34. To his surprise, as he walked into the prison, he noticed “niggers,” and had to live among them.
35. This was bad news to him and it fortified his racist resolve which formed the very foundation of his Satyagraha struggle.
36. Here is one excerpt from ( http://www.gandhism.net/sergeantmajorgandhi.php ) that Gandhi wrote himself:
“The cell was situated in the Native quarters and we were housed in one that was labelled “For Colured Debtors”. It was this experience for which we were perhaps all unprepared. We had fondly imagined that we would have suitable quarters apart from the Natives. As it was, perhaps, it was well that we were classed with the Natives. We would now be able to
study the life of native prisoners, their customs and manners. I felt, too, that passive resistance had not been undertaken too soon by the Indian community. Degradation underlay the classing of Indians with Natives. The Asiatic Act seemed to me to be the summit of our degradation. It did appear to me, as I think it would appear to any unprejudiced reader, that it would have been simple humanity if we were given special quarters. The fault did not lie with the gaol authorities. It was the fault of the law that has made no provision for the special treatment of Asiatic prisoners. Indeed, the Governor of the gaol tried to make us as comfortable as he could within the regulations. The chief warder, as also the head warder, who was in immediate charge of us, completely fell in with the spirit that actuated the Governor. But he was powerless to accommodate us beyond the horrible din and the yells of the Native prisoners throughout the day and partly at night also. Many of the Native prisoners are only one degree removed from the animal and often created rows and fought among themselves in their cells. The Governor could not separate the very few Indian prisoners (It speaks volumes for Indians that among several hundred there were hardly half a dozen Indian prisoners) from the cells occupied by
Native prisoners. And yet it is quite clear that separation is a physical necessity. So much was the classification of Indians and other Asiatics with the Natives insisted upon that our jumpers, which being new were not fully marked, had to be labelled “N”, meaning Natives. How this thoughtless classification has resulted in the Indians being partly starved
will be clearer when we come to consider the question of food.
37. I have no doubt that Gandhi harbored anti-Black views & forced his racial views on his fellow Indians while living in South Africa.(ibid)
38. The Wall Street Journal’s review states the book depicts Gandhi as “a sexual weirdo, a political incompetent, a fanatical faddist, implacably racist, and a ceaseless self-promoter, professing his love for mankind as a concept while actually despising people as individuals.”
39. Britain needed “their type of non-violent freedom figher” to take over the reins of Indian freedom fighting. Kallenbach was chosen.
40. Gandhi and Kallenbach lived together for two years as soul mates, starting from 1907. Kallenbach was micro managing Gandhi.
41. In this passivity Gandhi was trained in South Africa by Kallenbach by influencing him with Tolstoy the existentialist par excellence.
42. Joseph Lelyveld, is a Zionist and a Pulitzer Prize winner. He wrote that Gandhi and Kallenbach had a homosexual relationship.
43. His book has not yet been released in India.
44. There were a series of letters written by Gandhi admitting to his homosexual relationship.
45. Gandhi’s 13 letters to Kallenbach, however, were put up for auction decades after the death of the two men.
46. It is said they were eventually acquired by the National Archives of India.
47. Sonia Gandhi congress spent 700,000 pounds of tax payers’ money to buy out these letters.
48. Modi govt. should find out if those letters still exist, if not get back that 700,000 from Sonia Congress or jail them.
49. Lelyveld explanation of Gandhi’s “Satyagraha” was right on the dot.
50. “He would patiently appeal to the good sense of the Christian whites, while also refusing to follow their laws that he regarded evil.”
51. ” He was willing to suffer punishment for breaking these laws, but refused to hate the invading white men.”
52. While in South Africa, Gandhi did not miss a single opportunity to please the British crown.
53. In protest of a new poll-tax, Zulus of South Africa confronted and killed two British tax collectors in 1906.
54. In retaliation, the British declared war on the Zulus. They hung, shot, and severely flogged thousands of Zulus.
55. Around four thousand Zulus were killed during the rebellion. Such was the British cruelty.
56. For over six months Gandhi actively encouraged the British to raise an Indian regiment for use against the Zulus.
57. Though considered an Apostle of Nonviolence, Gandhi eagerly pursued a chance for military service.
58. Gandhi expressed his frustration that the British had not yet raised an Indian regiment in his Mar. 17, 1906 “A Plea for Indian Volunteering.”
59. He sounded almost desperate to participate in the war on blacks when he wrote:
60. While the Zulus continued their war for freedom, Gandhi urged the Indian community to send money and care packages to the white militia
61. In the same letter, he also urged Indians to help fund the war effort.
62. Gandhi finally managed to convince the British government to allow an Indian stretcher-bearer corps.
63. He seemed a little disappointed at the non-combatant status of the corps.
64 In June 9, 1906 Gandhi asked for arms “..intended to give Indians an opportunity of taking their share in the defence of the Colony.”
65. The Government have, by accepting the offer, shown their goodwill. And if Indians come successfully through the ordeal, the possibilities for the future are very great. Should they be assigned a permanent part in the Militia, there will remain no ground for the European complaint that Europeans alone have to bear the brunt of Colonial defence, and
Indians will cease to feel that, in not being allowed to participate in it, they are slighted.”
Gandhi Becomes a Sergeant Major
On June 6, 1906, in “Pledge of Allegiance,” Gandhi transcribed his oath: “We, the undersigned, solemnly and sincerely declare that we will be faithful and bear true allegiance to His Majesty King Edward the Seventh, His Heirs and Successors, and that we will faithfully serve in the supernumerary list of the Active Militia Force of the Colony of Natal as Stretcher-Bearers, until we shall lawfully cease to be members thereof, and the terms of the service are that we should each receive Rations, Uniform, Equipment and 1s. 6d. per day.”It was official. Gandhi was appointed a Sgt. Major in the British Army, and would lead 20 Indian volunteers to assist the war against the black Zulus.
66. Gandhi Writes Propaganda for War on Blacks
As a last touch before heading to thebattlefield, Gandhi published “Should Indian Volunteer Or Not?” on June 30, 1906, in the Indian Opinion. He passionately urged Indians to volunteer, saying: “There is hardly any family from which someone has not gone to fight the Kaffir rebels. Following their example, we should steel our hearts and take courage. Now is the time when the leading whites want us to take this step; if we let go this opportunity, we shall repent later. We therefore urge all Indian leaders to do their duty to the best of their ability.”
Gandhi also advertised military service as physically and mentally beneficial, saying: “Those who can take care of themselves and lead regular lives while at the front can live in health and happiness. The training such men receive cannot be had elsewhere…. A man going to the battle-front has to train himself to endure severe hardships. He is obliged
to cultivate the habit of living in comradeship with large numbers of men. He easily learns to make do with simple food. He is required to keep regular hours. He forms the habit of obeying his superior’s orders promptly and without argument.”
67. Completely ignoring the underlying cause of the Zulu rebellion, which was a desire for freedom, Gandhi argued for a religious reason to wage war on the black natives of South Africa. He said, “For the Indian community, going to the battle-field should be an easy matter; for, whether Muslims or Hindus, we are men with profound faith in God. We have a greater sense of duty, and it should therefore be easier for us to volunteer.”
68. Gandhi Lies About His Involvement in War on Blacks
Gandhi tried to rewrite his South African history in his 1920s autobiography. He wrote: “I bore no grudge against the Zulus, they had harmed no Indian. I had doubts about the ‘rebellion’ itself.” He also claimed, “My heart was with the Zulus.”
This is the double face of “Mahatma” Gandhi.
69. The indisputable truth is that Gandhi chose to actively endorse and participate in a war waged solely to deprive black people of their liberties.
70. At a time of extreme racial conflict, Gandhi knowingly sided with the oppressive white race.
71. This Ahimsavadi even thirsted for Zulu blood, ruefully saying in July, 1906: “At about 12 o’clock we finished the day’s journey, with no Kaffirs to fight.”
72. Just after the Boer war, Gandhi expressed his loyalty by sending felicitation to Queen Victoria on her birthday.
73. Queen Victoria died in January, 1901 and Gandhi sent a condolence message to the Colonial Secretary in London.
74. Gandhi laid a wreath on the pedestal of the Queen’s statue in Durban and distributed picture of the Queen among the school children.
75. When George-V was coronated as the king of England, Gandhi expressed his loyalty by sending congratulatory telegram to England.
76. The Telegram read: “The Indian residents of this country (i.e. South Africa) sent congratulatory cablegrams on the occasion, thus declaring their loyalty”.
77. In 1909, Lord Ampthill visited South Africa and Gandhi was out to please him by whatever means he could.
78. The British statesmen and rulers always wanted a man who condemned extremists and revolutionists in India.
79. Gandhi took the opportunity to please Armphill by denouncing the revolutionaries of India and their policy.
80. Thru many letters, Gandhi tried 2 convince Ampthill that his doctrine of passive resistance – Satyagraha has no intention to hurt others
81. “A satyagrahi do not inflict sufferings on others, but he invites it on himself” Gandhi declared.
82. It inspired the British to bring Gandhi to India, made him the topmost leader of Indian freedom movement.
83. Gandhi’s creed of Satyagraha was projected as the only mode of freedom struggle in India.
84. Due to this unwavering loyalty to the British Crown, Gandhi was chosen by Rothschild to come to India to lead the freedom movement.