Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
To read part 2 click –> MY TWEETS ON PRE-PARTITION HISTORY – PART 3
1. By 1938 Bose had become a leader of national stature and agreed to accept nomination as Congress President.
2. Subhash Bose stood for unqualified Swaraj (self-governance), including the use of force against the British.
3. Gandhi who was against the use of force against the British opposed Bose’s presidency.
4. Bose appeared at the 1939 Congress meeting on a stretcher. He was elected president again over Gandhi’s preferred candidate Pattabhi Sitaramayya.
5. Muthuramalingam Thevar strongly supported Bose in the intra-Congress dispute & mobilised all south India votes for Bose.
6. Due to Gandhi’s machinations inside the Congress Bose resigned the Presidency.
7. On 22 June 1939 Bose organised the All India Forward Bloc a faction within the Indian National Congress.
8. Forward Block’s main strength was in his home state, Bengal and that of his staunch ally Muthuramalinga Thevar’s Tamilnadu.
9. Thevar organised a very massive rally never seen before anywhere in India as his reception for Subash Chandra Bose at Madurai.
10. Bose advocated a campaign of mass civil disobedience to protest against Viceroy Lord Linlithgow’s decision to declare India at war with axis powers.
11. Gandhi refused Bose’s campaign but Subhash carried in Bengal and was arrested and then put under house arrest.
12. Bose escaped first to Afghanistan and the supporters of the Aga Khan III helped him across the border into Afghanistan.
13. Thereafter Bose went to Moscow from where he travelled on a false passport to Italy and then Germany.
14. There he started the Azad Hind Radio, Free-India Centre & created Indian Legion with 3000 out of 4500 Indian POWs captured by Germany.
15. In 1943 he travelled to Japan from Germany in a U-180 submarine via Cape of Goodhope.
16. In July 1943 Rash Behari Bose handed over charge to Netaji of the Indian Independence League that he had formed among expatriates in Singapore.
17. Netaji reorganized this and created the Indian National Army (INA).
18. INA had a separate women’s unit called Rani of Jhansi Regiment headed by Capt. Lakshmi Swaminathan.
19. At a rally of Indians in Burma on 4 July 1944, Bose’s famously thundered “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!”
20. The troops of the INA were under the aegis of a provisional government, the Azad Hind Government.
21. Azad Hind Govt came to produce its own currency, postage stamps, court and civil code, and was recognised by nine Axis states.
22. Researches have shown that the USSR too had diplomatic contact with the “Provisional Government of Free India”.
23. INA’s spl forces, the Bahadur Group, were involved in operations behind enemy lines as the Japanese thrust towards Imphal and Kohima.
24. Japanese also took possession of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 1942 and a year later.
25. the Provisional Govt and the INA were established in those Islands with Lt Col. A.D. Loganathan appointed its Governor General.
26. The islands were renamed Shaheed (Martyr) and Swaraj (Independence). (Modi Govt should revert to these names in honor
27. On the Indian mainland, an Indian Tricolour was raised for the first time in the town in Moirang, in Manipur, in north-eastern India.
28. It was here the Indians were fighting Indians one as the paid slaves of British and another as the Liberation Army.
29. The British spent enormous resources and men to tire out the Liberation Army & it retreated into Burma.
30. Netaji’s slogans were “Dhilli Chalo”, “JaiHind” and Glory to India. And in Urdu “Ittefaq, Etemad, Qurbani” (“Unity, Agreement, Sacrifice”).
31. The 2nd World War ended on the 14 August 1945.
32. On the 18th August 1945, it is claimed by the Nehruvian traitors that Netaji died. He was only 48 years then.
33. Dr.Swamy says that the truth is otherwise and we hope it would come out during Modi’s rule.
34. After the 2nd WW, 3 officers of the Indian National Army (INA), were put on trial at the Red Fort in Delhi for waging war against the King.
35. The 3 brave officers were General Shah Nawaz Khan, Colonel Prem Sahgal and Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon.
36. The trials inspired protests & discontent among the Indians who considered them as revolutionaries who had fought for their country.
37. In January 1946 British airmen stationed in India took part in the RAF Revolt of 1946 over the slow speed of their demobilisation.
38. The RIAF & RIN mutinies broke out. The revolt was initiated by the ratings of the Royal Indian Navy on 18 February 1946.
39. The INA trials, the stories of Subhash Bose, of INA’s fight in the Siege of Imphal & Burma were seeping into the glaring public-eye.
40. These, received through the wireless sets and the media, fed discontent and ultimately inspired the sailors to strike.
41. In Karachi, revolt broke out on board the Royal Indian Navy ship, HMIS Hindustan off Manora Island.
42. The ship, as well as shore establishments were taken over by mutineers. Later, it spread to the HMIS Bahadur.
43. A naval central strike committee was formed on 19 February 1946, led by M. S. Khan and Madan Singh.
44. On 20 Feb 1946 ratings from Castle and Fort Barracks in Bombay, joined in the revolt when news spread that HMIS Talwar’s ratings had been fired upon.
45. Ratings left their posts and went around Bombay in lorries, holding aloft flags containing the picture of Subhash Chandra Bose.
46. Several Indian naval officers who opposed the strike and sided with the British were thrown off the ship by ratings.
47. Soon, the mutineers were joined by thousands of angry ratings from Bombay, Karachi, Cochin and Vizag.
48. Communication between the various mutinies was maintained through the wireless communication sets available in HMIS Talwar.
49. Thus, the entire revolt was coordinated. This coordinated strike by the Naval ratings soon took serious proportions.
50. Hundreds of strikers from the sloops, minesweepers and shore establishments in Bombay demonstrated.
51. The British of the Defence forces were singled out for attacks by the strikers who were armed with hammers, crowbars & hockey sticks.
52. British men and women going in cars and victorias were made to get down and shout “Jai Hind”.
53. Guns were trained on the Taj Mahal Hotel, the Yacht Club and other buildings from morning till evening.
54. 1000 RIAF men from the Marine Drive and Andheri Camps also joined in sympathy.
55. By the end of the day Gurkhas in Karachi had refused to fire on striking sailors.
56. The strike soon spread to other parts of India. The ratings in Calcutta, Madras, Karachi and Vizag also went on strike.
57. Slogans of “JaiHind” and “Release 11000 INA POWs” rented the sky.
58. On 19 February, the Tricolour was hoisted by the ratings on most of the ships and establishments.
59. By 20 February, the third day, armed British destroyers had positioned themselves off the Gateway of India.
60. The RIN Revolt had become a serious crisis for the British government.
61. An alarmed Clement Attlee, the British Prime Minister, ordered the Royal Navy to put down the revolt.
62. Admiral J.H. Godfrey, the Flag Officer commanding the RIN, went on air with his order to “Submit or perish”.
63. The movement had, by this time, inspired by the patriotic fervour sweeping the country, started taking a political turn.
64. The situation was changing fast and rumours spread that Australian and Canadian armed battalions had been stationed outside the Lion gate.
65. The idea was to encircle the dockyard where most ships were berthed.
66. The clerks, cleaners, cooks & wireless operators armed themselves with whatever weapon was available to resist theBritish.
67. The 3rd day dawned charged with fresh emotions. The Royal Air Force flew a squadron of bombers low over Bombay harbour in a show of force.
68. Admiral Arthur Rullion Rattray issued an ultimatum asking the ratings to raise black flags and surrender unconditionally.
69. In Karachi, realising that little hope or trust could be put on the Indian troops, the 2nd Battalion of the Black
Watch was called out.
70. Their first priority was to deal with the revolt on Manora Island.
71. Ratings holding the Hindustan opened fire when attempts were made to board the ship.
72. At midnight, the 2nd Battalion was ordered to proceed to Manora.
73. By the morning, the British soldiers had secured the island.
74. During the morning three guns of unknown caliber from the Royal Artillery ‘C’ Troop arrived on the island.
75. The Royal Artillery positioned the battery within point blank range of the Hindustan on the dockside.
76. An ultimatum was delivered but it was ignored.
77. Orders were given to open fire at 10:33. The gunners’ first round was on target.
78. On board the Hindustan the Indian naval ratings began to return gunfire and several shells whistled over the Royal
79. However, the mutineers could not hold on. At 10:51 the white flag was raised.
80. British naval personnel boarded the ship and killed almost all Indian soldiers.
81. HMIS Bahadur was still under the control of mutineers.
82. Several Indian naval officers who had attempted or argued in favour of putting down the revolt were thrown off the
ship by ratings.
83. The British ordered the 2nd Battalionto storm the Bahadur and it was done. The revolt in Karachi had been put down.
84. In Bombay, the guncrew of a 25-pounder gun fitted in an old ship had by the end of the day fired salvos towards the
85. Patel had been negotiating fervently, and his assurances did improve matters considerably.
86. However, it was clear that the revolt was fast developing into a spontaneous movement with its own momentum.
87. By this time the British destroyers from Trincomalee had positioned themselves off the Gateway of India.
88. The negotiations moved fast conceding every demand of economic nature.
89. The mutineers in the armed forces got no support from the national leaders and was largely leaderless.
90. “Mahatma” Gandhi, in fact, condemned the riots and the ratings’ revolt.
91. Gandhi in his statement on 3 March 1946 mercilessly criticised in unpattriotic terms the revolt of the strikers.
92. If anyone calls this bastard traitor a ‘Mahatma” or a father of the nation I will slap on his face.
Continued in –> MY TWEETS ON PRE-PARTITION HISTORY – PART 5