To read part 2 click –> MY TWEETS ON PRE-PARTITION HISTORY – PART 2
1. Mountbatten arrived in Bharat on 22nd March 1947
2. Gandhi in his first interview to Mountbatten opposed partition.
3.Did Gandi threaten Mountbatten that if country is partitioned “all whitemen will be killed & some of u wud be lucky to escape to Britain?”
4.Instead Gandhi gave an offer to Mountbatten to disband cabinet and invite Jinnah to form his own cabinet which can be completely Muslim!
5.Gandhi thenwrote to the Viceroy “since my plan is not finding any acceptance, I am handing over the charge of all negotiation to CWC.”
6. Patel accepted to have a clean separation. Nehru and Rajendra Prasad also accepted partition.
7. But Maulana opposed saying that Gandhi’s proposal had the best interest of Muslims in mind.
8. Syama Prasad roused the Hindus to insist to retain East Bengal and West Punjab.
9. Rajendra Prasad reminded Jinnah that this was in line with League’s own Lahore resolution.
10. By the same time, Jinnah came up with a new demand – 800 mile corridor connecting West and East Pakistan.
11. V.P.Menon came forward with a draft plan for partition.
12. Gandhi a few days earlier had told Mountbatten that the Congress may not be with me but India is with me.
13. A few days later in a public program Gandhi made a volte-face on the question of partition by accepting it.
14. He declared that the Viceroy is opposed to partition but since Hindus & Muslims are unable to live together, he is accepting it.
15. When somebody reminded him of his words, “Vivisect me b4 the country” he replied “when the public opinion is against me, am I to coerce it?”
16. The president of Congress, Maulana Azad passed the resolution for partition hoping that the partition would be a shortlived one.
17. Only Purushottam Das Tandon opposed it till the end.
18. Tandon was saying “Let us suffer the British rule a little longer than sacrifice our cherished goal of united India.”
19.”Let us gird up our loins to fight, if need be both the British and the League and safeguard the integrity of the country.” said Tandon
20. There was a loud applause for his words. But Gandhi came down in favour of the acceptance. The issue was clinched.
21. At the close of his speech, Gandhi said, “ Wouldn’t I oppose it, if only I had the time?
22. But I cannot challenge the present congress leadership and demolish people’s faith in it.
23. I am not in a position to tell them “ Here is an alternate leadership”. (He coolly forgot Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose!)
24. I have not the strength today Or else, I would have declared rebellion single handed.
25.But Nehru told Mosley that if Gandhi had told us, we would have gone on fighting and waiting. So how they 2 played a trick on the Hindus.
26. Let’s talk about the motive Behind urgency and the fear of resitance
27.Mountbatten advanced the date of partition from June 1948 to August 1947 by ten months.Almost all Indian officers were opposed to partition.
28. Added to this the general atmosphere was charged in the wake of INA trials and naval revolt.
29. Mosley writes, partition of India was announced in May 1947 with no plans of division of army till June.
30. Commission to decide on boundaries of 2 states not yet formed until end of june.
31. People deliberately kept in ignorance as to which side they would be on until 2 days after Independence.
32. Radcliff boundary commission award postponed till 17th August complicated the matter.
33. Cyril Radcliff was chairman of both Punjab and Bengal boundary commission.
34. The congress erred in accepting a one man commission instead of a 3 man commission and that too for both the boundaries.
35. Even the members of the commissions were kept in the dark.. Muslims started to show inflated numbers to influence the decision.
36. M.C.Mahajan and Tej Singh two members of the Punjab commission were so convinced about Lahore remaining as part of Bharat.
37. Muslims were only 25% of Lahore. So they did not even begin arrangements to move the people until the day of division.
38. Most of the great canal systems, the rich wheat lands, the sikh shrines & Lahore were gifted to Pakistan.
39. It was only on the pretext that “ How can two big cities Lahore and Calcutta be given to India” ?
40. Over 40% of them became homeless. The loss to Hindus was over 4000 crores, the loss for muslims was a fraction of that.
41. The same story was repeated in the Chittagong Hill tracts. Overwhelmingly Hindu, it was acceded to East Pakistan.
42. Pakistan with 19% population got 23% territory.
43. Then the Holocaust began.
44. Mountbatten said “ I give you complete assurance I shall see to it that there is no bloodshed and riot. I am a soldier not a civilian.
45. What followed was a never before seen cataclysm.
46. The transfer of population that the Congress leaders wanted to avoid, took place.
47. They were killed, robbed, looted in transit.
48. As the biggest migration of population in recorded history was in progress, a most dangerous situation arose in the capital.
49. Every 4th person in Delhi was a Hindu or Sikh refugee from Pakistan. They were furious against the Muslims and also against the Congress.
50. In Delhi then most of the police force was Muslim.
51. True Bharat Ratna, Dr.Bhagwandas said, I have been reliably informed of an impending coup on Sept 10, 1947.
52. RSS youths were able to warn Patel and Nehru about a plan to kill all Hindu officials and plant the flag of Pakistan on the Red Fort.
53. Tens of millions of Hindus would have been slaughtered and all the rest converted to Islam.
54. Gandhi undertook a fast to grant 55 crores additionally to Pakistan.
55. A.N.Bali recounts the valour and the service rendered by the RSS swayamsevaks.
56. Bali said, “The refugees from West Pakistan- all of them without exception wherever they are living in India to a man, are grateful to RSS.”
57. “RSS came to their help at a time when they felt deserted by all.”
58. Then the assimilation started. 600 princely states integrated into one union.
59.Maharaja Hari Singh was convinced by Guruji Golwalkar on 17th Oct 1947 to join in Bharat inspite of Mountbatten asking him to join with Pakistan.
60. On 23rd October, Pakistani tribesman led by general Akbar Khan invaded Kashmir.
61. British commanders rebelled against Kashmir King and handed over Gilgit to Pakistan.
62. The RSS swayamsevaks cleared the Srinagar aerodrome of snow just in time for Indian planes to land.
63. On 21st November, Nehru took the Kashmir issue into the UN without consulting the cabinet which is clearly illegal and not binding.
64. In Hyderabad Kasim Rizvi the chief of Razakars carried a virulent campaign against Bharat and Hindus.
65. 2 lakh Razakars with arms and 40,000 regular and irregulars of the State’s force attacked the Hindus.
66. The Razakars had aligned themselves with the communists.
67. Indian forces ordered by Sardar Vallabhai Patel marched into Hyd on Oct 13th 1948. This was operation polo and lasted for just 108 hours.
68. Maharaja of Udaipur shown his valor by joining India and it thwarted Nawab of Bhopal’s attempt to join Pakistan.
69. The dream of Nawab of Bhopal to accede to Pakistan would succeed only if Udaipur which had Jodhpur on West and Indore and Bhopal on East accede to Pak.
70. Was partition unavoidable?
71. There was a very strong pro-nation anti-partition sentiment running in the army.
72. INA Trial, naval rebellion were all causing the Commander-In-Chief of Army, Claude Auchinleck to be in a dilemma.
73. Stafford Cripps said “The alternate to quitting would have entailed considerable reinforcement of British troops and civil personnel.
74. It would be politically impracticable.
75. Mountbatten while narrating how he was persuaded to accept the assignment as Viceroy said
76. Churchill had accepted that their time in India was up and they were reaching a stalemate there.
77. The situation is murky and it is only you who can resolve it.
78.The League itself was weak: The Delhi Muslims used to go to Patel and press him to have no truck with the League and have a firm policy against them.
79. It would sap its power and Muslims would gravitate towards the Congress.
80. Muslim society itself was deeply divided with the leadership invariably from the Ashrafi classes. They considered the local Muslims as low.
81.In 1949 in New york, Nehru declared that if they had known the terrible consequences of partition, they would have resisted the parition. LOL!
Continued in –> MY TWEETS ON PRE-PARTITION HISTORY – PART 4