Carbon dating suggests early Quran is older than Muhammad

http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/religion/carbon-dating-suggests-early-quran-is-older-than-muhammad/article/442550#ixzz3kQL9ER85

BY BRIAN BOOKER

Carbon dating suggests that the Quran, or at least portions of it, may actually be older than the prophet Muhammad himself. If the findings are proven true, it could rewrite early Islamic history and shed doubt on the “heavenly” origins of the holy text.

Scholars now believe that a copy Quran held by the Birmingham Library was actually written sometime between 545 AD and 568, while the Prophet Mohammad was believed to have been born in 570 AD and to have died in 632 AD. The copy of the widely used holy text held by the library is known for being one of the oldest in the world.

Scholars came to this conclusion after researchers carbon dated a small piece of parchment from the Islamic holy book. The carbon dating, which is considered to be extremely accurate, suggests that the Quran may have actually been written before Muhammad was alive, or during the early years of his childhood.

The Quran held by the Birmingham Library is believed to be the oldest known copy in the world. It should be noted, however, that the documents held at the library are not a complete copy of the holy text, instead containing text only for suras (chapters) 18 to 20.

If the carbon dating analysis proves to be accurate, it would raise serious questions as to the origin of the Islamic holy book. It should be noted, however, that the dating was only conducted on the parchment, rather than the ink, so it is possible that the Quran was simply written on old paper.

The Quran was not officially written down until 653 AD, under the orders of the Caliph Uthman, though it is believed that partial written scripts of the Quran were in circulation beforehand. Before the Quran was inked onto paper it was passed along orally, with some devout believers choosing to memorize the entire text by heart.

Some scholars believe, however, that Muhammad did not receive the Quran from heaven, as he claimed during his lifetime, but instead collected texts and scripts that fit his political agenda.

Posted in appeasing the Muslims | 1 Comment

URDU

Tweets on Urdu

1. Urdu is national language of Pakistan spoken by 8% of people of Pakistan. Almost 50% speak Punjabi yet it is not the national language!

2. What is the history of Urdu? The word Urdu is derived from the Turki word Ordu, which meant “a military camp”.

3. Urdu was a product of the dialect used by the Muslims who ruled over Deccan and South India from the 14th century awards.

4. The literary speech arising out of Urdu, known as Dakhni or the Southern Speech may be traced back to the 15th century.

5. It’s use was limited to the Deccan and South India was used by the Muslims who were less influenced by the local Hindu spirit of Deccan.

6. Urdu of Muslims of Deccan had lesser influence of dialects and languages of North India than the other Muslims living in North India.

7. This difference becomes manifest from the fact that the Perso-Arabian script was used in Deccan, in writing from almost the beginning.

8. Gradually the literature increasingly came under foreign influence that it became more and more Muslim and Persian in its attitude.

9 However, Urdu continued to retain till the end of the 17th century, a good deal of Indian vocabulary.

10. The chief centers of Dakhni literature were Gujarat, Golconda, Bidar, Bijapur and Aurangabad.

11. It was patronized by amongst others Qutb Shahi Sultans of Golcondo, one of whom, Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah was a gifted poet.

12. One of his courtiers wrote a romantic poem whose theme was the love of this king,for a Telegu Hindu girl named Bhagwati.

13. The king later married her, named the city built in her honor as Bhag-nagar & subsequently renamed with her Islamic name Haider-Begum.

14. Thus Bhagyanagar became Hyderabad.

15. Dakhni literature flourished up to end of the 17th century, but declined after the conquest of the Deccan and South India by Aurangzeb.

16.By the first half of the 18th century, the mantle of Dakhni fell to the newly rising Urdu speech of Delhi.

17.Urdu speech of Delhi & colonial form of a North-Indian speech merged & Urdu became well established with its present name by 1750.

18. The Persian literature produced during the heyday of the Mughal rule exercised a tremendous influence on regional literatures.

19. This influence resulted in the evolution of literary Urdu. Punjabi, Pushtu, Sindhi, Baluchi and Kashmiri, all used the Persian script.

20. In the post-Aurangzeb period, the status of the Persian language faced a challenge as a result of the collapse of the central authority.

21. However, it was not until 1837 that Persian ceased to be official language of India.

22.Urdu later became the dominant language of education and administration, came only with the establishment of British rule over Punjab.

23. As a language Urdu took birth during the 160 year period between 1670 & 1830. Both Arabic and Persian contributed significantly to Urdu.

24. As the imperial authority began weakening the intelligentsia felt the need to revitalize the Muslim morale by means of reforms.

25. Arabic became the natural medium for fulfilling the religious rethinking among the Muslims in the early part of the 18th century.

26. This could also explain the influence of Arabic on Urdu.

27. When the British came to India they realized the need to communicate in Urdu.

28. Which is why British set up a Urdu center at the Fort William College Calcutta to teach British employees the language.

29. The origin of the literary Urdu was in the military camps from the Hindi Khari Boli during the later Mughal period.

30. During 1818-1905 Urdu emerged as a literary language as a result of its of expression for religious, philosophic thoughts.

31. Though Urdu translation of the Koran was made as late as 1791 it became popular and replaced Persian as the language of the educated masses.

32.It was only in 1837 that Persian was replaced with Urdu as the official language of India.

33. Urdu poetry upto the fourth quarter of the 19th century was just a reflexion of Persian poetry.

35. The Urdu poets thought and wrote in terms of Persian poetry, the references were things, events and ideas of Persia and Arabia.

36. They used names of Persian flowers, all the little streams of Persia, and its towns and provinces, its hills and mountains but they never mentioned anything Indian much less an Indian hero.

37. These poets were absolutely and deliberately blind to all the great things of their own country, the soil of which, according to a great Urdu poet, was napak or impure.

38. As Muslim dominance over India had begun to wane so was its language Urdu.

39. In order to rejuvenate Urdu & the Islamic influence they took local dialect Hindi and married it with a strong Persian Islamic influence.

40. Lucknow and Rampur became the centers of Urdu literature in the 19th century.

41. The Aligarh Movement by Sir Syed Ahmad gave rise to modern Urdu literature at the beginning of the fourth quarter of the 19th century.

43. This led to the the concept of Pan-Islamicism. Who is responsible and what is the result?

44. Sir Syed Ahmad gave birth to the Pan-Islamic movement in India and Mohandas Gandhi gave birth to Kilafat Movement.

45. It was Gandhi who strengthened the dying Islam.

46. Gandhi was the father of Kilafat movement of Pan-Islamism and in the later years Gandhi was the father of Pakistan not Jinnah.

47. Gandhi was the modern Mareechi who hid true self as the villain of the piece. By that analogy Godse was Rama who slew Mareeci.

48. As time passed by Urdu came to be seen as the language of the Muslims.

49. Evidence given by Muslim leaders before the Hunter Commission (between 1883 to 1890) in Bengal demanding entire separate arrangements for the primary education of the Hindu and the Muslim and insisting upon Urdu as a medium of instruction even in a province like Bengal where 99 % of the Muslims were ignorant of that language.

50. Reinforcing with a Pan Islamic identity was their way to stem the decline of Muslim power in India.

51. Even in 1947 and thereafter Bengali and not Urdu was the most widely spoken language in whole of Bengal, East and West.

52.Muhammad Iqbal (1873 to 1938) the essayist was comfortable in Persian and Urdu.

53. Iqbal’s doctrine went counter to the quietism and acceptance preached by traditional Sufism.

54. His was the militant doctrine of action, the primitive Islam which was preached by the Prophet Mohammed.

55. This doctrine of action made Iqbal the great leader of Indian Muslims.

56.His longer poems Shikwa (complaint) & Jawab-I-Shikwah (Reply to the Complaint) are considered the Mein Kampf of Muslim revivalists in India.

57. These poems give in the form of a complaint before Allah about the adverse circumstances in which the Indian Muslims had fallen, and the sequel given the remedies prescribed by God for Muslim uplift. So his poems in Urdu cemented the thought in the sub-continent Muslim mind that Urdu and Islam in India were synonymous.

58. Gandhi and his Indian (anti)National Congress actually spearheaded the movement to split India.

59. If it was not for Gandhi and his Congress this artificial language Urdu and its message of asuratvam would never have succeeded in India.

60. We will take up the resistance to this language of evil and its history tomorrow.

61. Urdu is Hindi Khari boli (Delhi Hindi) with Persian and Arabic thrown in.

62. Although the language came into existence after 1730 it is only after 1818 did it become a language of expressing thoughts.

63. Sir Syed Ahmed and Muhammad Iqbal did a lot to promote the language and make it the lingua franca of the Indian Muslims.

64. With the establishment of British rule over Punjab, Urdu became a dominant language of education and administration there.

65. Starting the 20th century Urdu became a bone of contention between Hindus and Muslims.

66. Let’s start knowing the state of Hindi, Punjabi in Punjab around 1700-1720.

67. Guru Govind Singh (1666-1708) had in his employ 52 poets who composed in the then prevalent mode of neo-classical Hindi poetry.

68. All the writings of these poets were also written down in the Gurumukhi script and recited at sessions convened by the Guru.

69. Most of these poems have been lost. During the 18th century Priest of Hari Mandir got together whatever remained of these poems.

70. They compiled them into the Granth of the 10th master or the Dasham Granth. This work contains 3 versions of the epic of goddess Chandi.

71. Two of these are in Hindi while the third is in Punjabi. The third is believed to be the Guru’s own composition.

72. The Guru got a great deal of literature written based on the tales of heroism to arouse the people to crusade for higher values.

73. The Guru named the higher value Dharma & prepared the people to fight for it.

74. He also composed some important works in Apabhramsa style of Hindi, including the autobiographical poem, the Bichitra Natak.

75. So both Punjabi and Hindi were prevalent then.

76. Urdu became the dominant language of education and administration only with the establishment of British rule over Punjab.

77. Since the British captured Punjab only in 1849 (Maharaja Ranjit Singh died in 1839) Urdu became dominant only after that.

78. Till 1857 the Muslims hated the new rulers – Christians – for snatching away the throne from them.

79. It was only after 1857 that Sir Syed Ahmad made the Muslims realize that it was in their interest to support the Christians i.e. Brits.

80. The British too realized the importance of having the Muslims on their side and using them as a counter to Hindus.

81. Hence they decided to support the Muslims by making Urdu the official language of Punjab.

82. Undivided Punjab had more Muslims than Hindus but Hindus were in large numbers.

83. The Brits were bent on enhancing the Hindu Muslim divide so they did not make both Urdu & Hindi languages of education/administration.

84. Also note that undivided Punjab then consisted of modern day Punjab on both sides of the border + Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.

85. It is Swami Dayananda Saraswati’s Arya Samaj that led the movement for revival of Hindi. He used to communicate in Sanskrit.

86. A leader of the Brahmo Samaj Shri Keshub Chandra Sen advised Swamiji the importance of carrying on his propaganda in a popular language.

87. So Dayanand decided on Hindi & subsequent Samaj leaders carried on the movement for usage of Hindi.

88. Since the Arya Samaji movement had strong roots in Punjab, Hindi became Arya Bhasha there.

89. In Punjab and the United Provinces the Samaj have done excellent work ahead of the missionary effort.

90. No single organization could claim to have as many schools for boys and girls as the Samaj.

91. For the boy’s there were two types of colleges, one affiliated with the Government University & other independent of official control.

92. The Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College was started at Lahore in 1886.

93. A number of educational institutions were opened in Punjab and modern day Uttar Pradesh.

94. By 1914, the Samaj had the largest number of institutions in Northern India and probably the second largest in the country.

95. For the girls the Samaj maintained a large number of schools and colleges such as Kanyamahavidyala at Jullundar.

96. The impact of the Arya Samaj is also to be seen in the adoption of Hindi as a language of administration in Rajputana and U.P.

97. Under the persuasion of Sir Pratap Singh, several states of Rajputana were convinced to adopt Hindi script for official work.

98. It came to be adopted as an alternative medium of administration in U.P. early in the 20th century.

99. Therefore, the emergence of the Arya Samaji movement in North India led to the resurgence of Hindi.

100. Also the Arya Samaj movement made Hindus pride of their past, led to a revival of their confidence levels.

101. It made them shun foreign influence understood as Urdu, the language of the Muslims.

102. Sikhs restricted themselves to Gurmukhi so they didnt grow beyond Punjab but because of Hindi Arya Samaj grew beyond Punjab!

103. Until 1947 boys in Punjab learnt Urdu because it was needed for work but girls learnt only Hindi!

104. A a movement was started by the Hindus of Kashi in 1867 to replace Urdu by Hindi and the Arabic script by Nagari.

105. Remember similar movement for the use of Hindi was started in Punjab by Swami Dayanand Saraswati.

104. These movements convinced Syed Ahmed Khan that Hindus |7 Muslims could never join together & the differences would only widen.

105. Nawab Mulk said “Although we do not have the power of the pen, our hands are still strong enough to wield the might of the sword”.

106. On 30/12/1906 the All India Muslim League at Dacca was formed. Urdu became one more reason for the increasing Hindu Muslim divide.

107. Urdu got caught in the Hindu Muslim crossfire that got accentuated after Khilfat movement.

108. When the Hindus insisted on use of Hindi, the League denounced it as a sign of Hindu domination.

109. The League insisted its cooperation with Congress depended on Urdu being made the national language in place of Hindi.

110. Urdu was nothing but a Persianized dialect of Hindi. Its script is Persian and the grammar is of Hindi.

111. Gandhi was Muslim appeaser par excellence so he came up with a fantastic idea of a brand new language called Hinustani!

112. This new hybid language Hindustani was half-Hindi, half-Urdu.

113. With a mirage slogan of Hindu Muslim unity at any cost, the Congress capitulated before the Muslims on every occassion.

114. Congress capitulated on Vande Matharam, the national flag and finally on Hindi.

115. After the so called independence movie producers, TVs and other mass media have found encouragement from the Congress to spread Urdu.

116. There are more Urdu words used in movies and TV serials. This is the subtlest attack on our language.

117. These anti-national movie houses must be burnt down and those anti-Hindu journos shot dead. This would definitely happen.

118. We have to start a movement/dhaarna to block use of Urdu in movies & TVs and threaten them of dire consequence if they disobey.

119. Take the Danda folks! You will never win otherwise!

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged | 1 Comment

Gloomy days of Indian Judiciary

http://www.savukkuonline.com/11402/

Gloomy days of Indian Judiciary

The winds of change have stopped. Hopes have been dashed. And it appears that the protector has turned on his own. There is a growing perception that Justice Handyala Lakshminarayanaswamy Dattu, the Hon’ble Chief Justice of India has pushed the pedal down and accelerated the demise of the very ideals of what the Supreme Court stands for.

Chief Justice of India designate H L Dattu

In the last couple of months, under the stewardship of the Hon’ble Justice  H L Dattu and his questionable decisions, the reputation of the Highest Court of the land has plummeted to a new low. The perception is driven by the Hon’ble Justice Dattu’s seemingly endless interest in rescuing the convicted former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Ms.J. Jayalalithaa.

As India witnesses yet another seemingly blatant abuse of judicial powers by the designated Supreme Custodian of the Judiciary, it is not out of place to mention an incident from the past, when a Supreme Court judge, had the moral conviction and the courage to stand against the Government and the all powerful Prime Minister of the time Mrs Indira Gandhi!

Yet this man and bless his moral soul thought nothing of sacrificing the opportunity of becoming the Chief Justice of India for the sake of preserving Democracy and Free Speech in our Country. That episode and he might be the only single reason, why Democracy is still alive in our country and that there is still hope that India will someday rise to shine.

Justice Hans Raj Khanna was such a man. A man so honourable that it cost him his job, so brave that he stood up against the Prime Minister, when others didn’t dare to and a judge so fair, that all that mattered to him were his principles.

Justice Hans Raj Khanna, the legendary judge of the Supreme Court of India during 1971-77, is widely acclaimed as a crusader of civil liberties. He stood for all the qualities required of a judge and his admirable courage is something, which has made him immortal in Indian Judiciary.

Shelley in his Poem on Death tells us:

Death is here and death is there,

Death is busy everywhere,

All around, within, beneath,

Above is deathand we are death.

Death of someone as great as Justice H.R.Khanna must have impacted the Nation and in particular the Indian Judiciary.  In a glorifying editorial the New York Timeswrote about Justice H.R. Khanna thus “If India ever finds its way back to the freedom and democracy that were proud hallmarks of its first eighteen years as an independent nation, someone will surely erect a monument to Justice H R Khanna of the Supreme Court. It was Justice Khanna who spoke out fearlessly and eloquently for freedom this week in dissenting from the Court’s decision upholding the right of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s Government to imprison political opponents at will and without court hearings… The submission of an independent judiciary to absolutist government is virtually the last step in the destruction of a democratic society; and the Indian Supreme Court’s decision appears close to utter surrender.

hrkhanna

Often it is said, take the good and leave the bad.

Sadly, instead of taking the right lessons from Justice H.R.Khanna on upholding justice and justice alone at any cost which is the ultimate public service and constitutional obligation to the Country that has posed immense faith in the Hon’ble Judges, H.R.Khanna’s life appears to have taught someone like Justice H. L. Dattu and a majority of our Honourable Judges a diametrically opposite set of lessons – a lesson of extreme self-preservation.

Much has changed from the times of Justice Khanna to where we are today. In the corridors of Courts, one can witness a mad rush of “jockeying” for plum posts and positions among Honourable Judges, be it a “lucrative portfolio” for a given period or a post moving up the ladder from a High Court Judge to a Chief Justice of a High Court or elevation to Supreme Court or working towards “post retirement” benefits.

In this whole process, the ultimate sufferer is India, the country’s hopes to emerge from darkness unto light and of course ordinary members of the public who continue to believe in the rule of law!

Today the corridors of the Supreme Court are rocking with the events of the Jayalalithaa case and how the Hon’ble First Court of Justice Handyala Lakshminarayanaswamy Dattu, the Hon’ble  Chief Justice of India, has appeared to have become the most dishonorable.

After 18 years of dragging a criminal trial and eventually a conclusion of the trial court that convicted Jayalalithaa to Four Years Imprisonment and a record Rs.100 crore fine, the act of masterminding Jayalalithaa’s rescue act from the Judiciary from none other than the Honourable Chief Justice of India himself, appears to subvert the very laws of the land he has sworn to uphold!

Following the conviction, there were sporadic instances of violence all over the State. The Hindu.  The entire party and the Tamilnadu State machinery is in a “panic mode” to instantly save their Amma. The Bangalore High Court is quickly moved for a Bail for Jayalalithaa and 3 others convicted after 18 years of trial. The High Court rejects her bail petition with a detailed order as to why the bail should be rejected.  Justice A.V.Chandrasekara, while dismissing Jaya’s bail plea said that there are no grounds to give bail and corruption amounts to violation of human rights and leads to economic imbalance.” The Hon’ble Judge said corruption had become a serious malady in human history and noted that the Supreme Court has repeatedly directed that graft cases be disposed of on a priority basis. He also held that there was no reason to extend the benefit of suspension of sentence to the four convicted, including Jayalalithaa.

A bus burnt in Kanchipuram following Jaya's conviction

The Judge further observed, corruption had to be dealt with seriously as otherwise, “it will become a disease in our society.” Business Standard

After losing out all battles in the Karnataka High Court, Jayalalithaa and 3 others move the Supreme Court of India.  Even as many wonder whether Jayalalithaa might have to cool her heels in the prison for a long time to come, the Supreme Court now headed by Chief Justice Handyala Lakshminarayanaswamy Dattu, agrees to take up her bail petition matter on mere mentioning.

Distinguished Senior Advocate Fali Nariman makes a forceful plea and Chief Justice Dattu raises all pertinent questions as to how long did the trial take in the Karnataka Special Court to conclude the case against Jayalaltihaa. Nariman admits, Several years. At this, Chief Justice Dattu retorts, “Wont you take 20 more years to fight out the appeal in the High Court?” At this stage, as if it was a much expected question, Fali Nariman instantaneously offers to ensure that the Appeal is argued out in just two months and the Bench agrees, without any further ado.  Hindu link

It is not out of place to mention herein that it took Kanimozhi and A.Raja more than six months to be released on bail, even when the trial was not completed and no Court had convicted them as on that date and even till date. A year for Y S R Jaganmohan Reddy in Andhra Pradesh, two years and eight months for Satyam’s Ramalinga Raju and three years and eight months for Janardhana Reddy of Karanataka in the mining scam. Even Lallu Prasad Yadav and Om Prakash Chautala of Haryana had to struggle hard for a couple of months before getting the relief from the Supreme Court.

SUBRAMANIAN_SWAMY1_1257529f

When Dr Subramanian Swamy, who has also impleaded himself in the case, says an extraordinary situation was prevailing in the State and refers to widespread incidents of violence in the wake of the conviction of Jayalalithaa, At this, Justice Dattu (as if a Counsel for Jaya) asks whether there was any proof that she had instigated the violence and stresses that one should be worried only if the convicted had sought to escape abroad.

One obvious question that comes to the mind of “ordinary citizens” like us is that if Jayalalithaa had not been responsible for the violence, how did the State become so quiet and all agitations came to a grinding halt, the moment she issued a statement exhorting her followers to maintain peace?

As of September 2014, while there were as many as 63,843 cases pending in the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India, one obvious question that raises serious suspicion is the manner in which Jayalalithaa’s case was given priority and relief granted within 21 days of her being in jail? And how could anyone, leave alone their Lordships, afford to forget she had done everything that she could to subvert the course of justice and succeeded in protracting the course of hearing for an incredible 18 long years?

If the stand taken is health grounds for Jayalalithaa, why should the other convicts, Sasikala, Ilavarasi and Sudhakaran be shown similar consideration?

Recently elected Supreme Court Bar Association President Dushyant Dave said the Supreme Court should have taken the views of the prosecution into account before granting bail. Senior Counsel Dushyant Dave added, as head of the Supreme Court Bar Association, he would focus on seeking changes in the manner in which the top court functions. The prosecution has to be consulted before any bail application is taken up, he said. He also objected to the manner in which the case was mentioned in the top court and listed with alacrity. “The grant of bail to certain powerful politicians and rich people is a matter of grave concern. I have nothing to say on the merits of the case but the manner in which it was done. The haste with which justice is dispensed to the powerful but is denied to the thousands of others with the same alacrity send wrong signals to the Nation,” he said.  “The Supreme Court should have remembered that it had ordered trial in the case 18 years ago and it was delayed on one pretext or the other. There was clear obstruction of justice – the special public prosecutor, a lawyer of great eminence and integrity, was attacked. Justice was further skewed when lakhs of (Jayalalithaa) supporters tried to exert pressure on the trial court and the high court,” he said.  Economic Times

Also remember there are hundreds of thousands languishing in jails, without any chance of a bail whatsoever, irrespective of their sentence terms.

How come such issues were not factored in by Chief Justice Dattu when he so readily granted bail to a politician, notorious for her vulgar display of wealth, arrogance and corruption?

Even the insistence of a judgement in just four months from the High Court could be a blessing in disguise for the appellant as it casts serious doubts on the conduct and dispensation of justice by the Highest Court of this land.

A couple of months later our irrepressible Traffic Ramasamy seeks the recusal of Chief Justice Dattu from the Jayalalithaa’s case and the matter is raised in the Supreme Court. Chief Justice Dattu shrugs it off, saying, “Somebody will say I have taken Rs.1,000 crore to grant bail etc. Don’t worry. I can take care of it. I am too thick skinned for such allegations.” India Today link

As per the whispers in the Karnataka High Court, the Chief Justice of India Dattu had exerted pressure on  Karnataka Chief Justice D H Waghela to have a “pliable judge” to hear Jayalalithaa’s bail plea, but in vain.  The plea was turned down and eventually one can only witness the Chief Justice Dattu himself coming to the rescue of Jayalalithaa.

Sources say that pressure was mounted yet again on Chief Justice Waghela in regard to the judge to be assigned to hear Jayalaltihaaś Appeal.

Karnataka CJ Waghela

Subsequent to these developments, it was widely rumoured that Chief Justice Waghela was being transferred out of Karnataka and a judge from Allahabad, Vineet Saran, was being brought in.

The idea apparently was that when Waghela was transferred out, the man to assume charge as Chief Justice would be Justice Manjunath, seen as someone who would be more favourably disposed towards Jaya and a man who is most likely to follow the footsteps of Justice H.L. Dattu, as per the whispers in Karnataka High Court.

But the news was out in social media siteṣ. Savukku too reported the move as early as on December 31, 2014.

The very next day Chief Justice Waghela announced the appointment of Justice C R Kumarasamy to hear Jayalalithaa’s appeal. Not barring that January 1 was a court holiday, Justice Waghela signed this paper.

Vineet Saran himself was not keen to move to Karnataka for his own reasons. Besides two judges of the Supreme Court had opposed the transfer.   Indian Express link . However, Justice Dattu appears to have prevailed over and Vineet Saran joined the Karnataka High Court on 12 February 2015.

But there was no resisting  the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Newspapers reported on April 13, “Justice Dhirendra Hiralal Waghela, Chief Justice of the Karnataka High Court, has been transferred to Orissa. He has been directed to assume charge as Chief Justice of the Orissa High Court within two months.”  Tamil Nadu leaders such as the former Chief Minister M Karunanidhi and PMK Founder Dr Ramadoss have denounced the transfer of Waghela.

In case Bhavani Singh’s appointment as the prosecution counsel in the disproportionate wealth case is eventually quashed, the appeal will have to be heard afresh again, whereas Kumarasamy himself is set to retire in August. So with Waghela out and another person in, it would be possible to have a more ‘acceptable’ judge to hear Jayalalithaa‘s appeal. Such is the apprehension in many circles in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, for that matter even in the corridors of Supreme Court of India.

Also look at the case of Justice Bhanumathi who sat with Justice Madan Lokhur and upheld the appointment of Bhavani Singh. She was known to have been close to Jayalalithaa when she served in the Madras High Court. As per sources she had met Jayalalithaa before she went as Chief Justice to Chattisgargh High Court. In any case, she had used a popular honorific (Maanbumigu Amma meaning Honourable Amma) while referring to Jayalaltihaa at a function in Judicial Academy and it is in Dattu‘s stint she has been appointed to the Supreme Court of India.

His Lordship has lost no time in constituting a new bench to hear the Bhavani Singh case.

Justice Dattu’s term expires in December this yeaṛ. In the absence of any documentary evidence to show that the Chief Justice Dattu has been compromised, one can only go by reasonable conjectures.

????????????????????

Most point to his being guilty, and so the Human Rights Protection Centre has collected signatures from as many as one thousand advocates and presented a petition to the President of India demanding that Justice Dattu keep away from cases related to Ms Jayalalithaa. But the Chief Justice himself has not heeded and has gone ahead, extending bail to her and the other co-convicts yet again.

Will the legal community get together to save the Supreme Court as an Institution or will they allow the Honourable Justice Dattu to change the Supreme Court to what appears as a Sotheby auction with judgements being granted to the highest bidder?

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged | 2 Comments

Lest we forget: A tale of dastardly crime of a Hajpayee dog

http://www.rediff.com/money/2000/may/31sinha.htm

Keep in mind this article is dated 31 May 2000

Swamy, leftists demand action against Yashwant Sinha

Email this report to a friend

Amberish K Diwanji in New Delhi

Finance Minister Yashwant Sinha is facing flak from various quarters. His move to ‘let off’ Mauritius-based foreign institutional investors, or FIIs, over the double taxation issue has snowballed into a major controversy.

The latest to fire a salvo at the finance minister is Subramanyam Swami, president of Janata Party. In a media statement, Swamy has described Sinha’s denial of favouring Mauritius-based FIIs as “wholly unconvincing”.

Meanwhile, the Communist Party of India-Marxist, or CPI-M, called for Sinha’s resignation and withdrawal of the double taxation avoidance treaty that “was being misused by FIIs to avoid paying taxes in India”.

“If Sinha wishes to clear his name, he should ask Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to refer the entire matter to the Central Bureau of Investigation, or CBI. Or he should advise the prime minister to grant sanction on my petition to prosecute Sinha for offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act for causing huge losses to the nation,” Swamy said.

He said that his petition seeking sanction to prosecute Sinha on the ‘favoured treatment issue’ was pending with the prime minister for the last ten days. The prime minister has the authority to give sanction to prosecute ministers when they commit offences under the said Act, Swamy said.

Earlier, on Tuesday, CPI-M spokesperson Sitaram Yechuri said at a press conference in New Delhi that the core issue was the Central Board of Direct Taxes circular number 789 which stated that to prove residence in Mauritius, a letter to that effect would suffice.

He said that this was done to benefit the Sinha family, a reference to Sinha’s daughter-in-law Punita Kumar Sinha who is an investment manager with India Fund Inc, a foreign institutional investor headquartered in the US.

A CPI-M statement said that India Fund Inc 1999 annual report said that the company had opened a branch in Mauritius for the purpose of tax residency.

The statement charged that India Fund Inc routed all its investments through Mauritius to avoid paying taxes.

Yechuri said that the assets of India Fund rose from $300 million to $ 700 million in 1999 but that company had not paid one paisa in tax in India, from where it earned the profits. Neither had India Fund Inc paid any tax in the Mauritius since that island nation did not charge capital gains tax nor did it pay tax in the United States since the profits were earned outside of that country.

He pointed out that Mauritius did not have a capital gains tax, thus enabling FIIs to avoid paying any tax in India. “In India, a company pays a dividend tax at source or if he sells off the shares, he pays a capital gains tax on the profits earned. In the case of Mauritius, when that country does not have such a tax, how can they charge the tax?” he asked.

Yechuri claimed that out of 521 FIIs registered in India, only one was registered in Mauritius.

He said that any double tax avoidance agreement, such as the one signed between India and the United States, explicitly states that the profits must be paid in the country where they are earned. This clause was avoided in the case of Mauritius since it did not charge a capital gains tax, he said.

The CPI-M’s central committee charged the finance minister with preventing the Income Tax department from performing its legitimate action of claiming taxes from such countries that were fraudulently cheating India.

Yechuri said that every year India was losing tax revenue worth Rs 30 billion. “This is based on the fact that Rs 400 billion has been invested in the stock markets by the FIIs and that the dollar stock market index has appreciated 80 per cent,” he added.

“This revenue has been denied to our country at a time when the government is lamenting about the lack of resources and the need therefore to cut down on taxes,” said Yechuri.

Drawing a comparison, he said that food subsidies to the poor cost only Rs 11 billion. “This is about one-third of the revenue that India has been cheated out of,” he charged.

Yechuri said that it was the involvement of Sinha’s family members in some of the FIIs that made the finance minister get the CBDT to issue circular no 789 which force the IT department to recognise Mauritius-registered companies as Mauritius-based companies and, therefore, eligible for tax avoidance.

“Prior to the CBDT circular no 789, residence in a particular country was proven by proof of the residence of the company’s management. But what we have in Mauritius are post box addresses, wherein companies give certain post office box numbers as their registration address in Mauritius and are recognised as being based in Mauritius. Thus, they don’t have to pay a tax on their profits,” Yechuri said.

Blasting the Vajpayee government for committing a gigantic fraud upon the Indian people, the CPI-M demanded that the treaty with Mauritius be scrapped immediately.

“Any treaty with any country that hurts the Indian economy must be scrapped,” said Yechuri.

The CPI-M politburo member also criticised Mauritius. He said that Mauritius was luring companies by promising to be a tax haven with minimal taxes. “Mauritius even advertises that it is ready to help companies avoid paying high taxes by helping them speedily set up residence in their country,” he said.

Yashwant Sinha was not available for comment since he is currently in the United States.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/260288960/Sinha-Report

Yashwant Sinha’s Families Rs.50,000 Crore Black Money – 117 Cos.

Yashwant Sinha’s mediocre Family operated over 117 Recently Formed companies 48 directly and 69 as Directors and Partners listed by LiveMint most of them related to Power and Renewable Energy. http://www.livemint.com/Object/3Vlx1LCYLsC47rYtquhafM/jayant.html This is of ‘Money Laundering & Tax Evasion Practice’

Loot & Scoot Companies.

His family members first came in to Prominence when Yashwant Sinha offered ‘Resurgent India Bond Worth Matured Value of $5.5b in 1998’. They all four didn’t report any Major Assignment before 1998. And were silently accumulating Loot of Finance Minister – SK Dubey Reported 50%-50% Loot in NHAI Projects in 2002 which was Rs.28,000 crore Scam. Sumant Sinha was Employee of SUZLON until 2011 but as Yashwant Sinha took over as Parliamentary Committee on Finance – 117 Companies were registered in Yashwant Sinha Family Members Management and suddenly FUNDS Flowed in. Sumant Sinha was COO of SUZLON during his tenure Share Price of Suzlon collapsed from Rs.2125 Jan11, 2008 that collapsed to Rs.47 when he left SUZLON and Yashwant Sinha family started 117 Companies. Current price of Suzlon is barely Rs.27, not even 1% of the price when Sumant Sinha joined as Suzlon Chief Finance Officer. https://www.google.com/finance?cid=700816 Since Sumant Sinha joined SUZLON in 2008, SUZLON had not given any dividend to shareholders.

Such is the BRILLIANCE of Yashwant Sinha family.

In ET article Sumit Sinha contradicts Yashwant Sinha on ‘Auction of Resources’. But when these companies are not disclosing their Operations it clearly Points to Money Laundering operations. http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2014-01-22/news/46463022_1_capacity-addition-power-sector-competitive-bidding

Currently, ReNew Wind Power has several wind projects under development, including a 25 megawatts wind farm in Gujarat and 60 megawatts wind farm in Maharashtra. By 2015 the company aims to reach a 1 gigawatt capacity. Just one company is worth over Rs.6,000 Cr. Since 2014 This Kind of Loot Began, Corporate Have Restructured Loans Worth Rs.14,00,000 Cr, Taken Rs.18,00,000 Cr New Loans, Rs.12,00,000 Cr Tax Dodges But Created No Jobs, Paid No Dividend, No Patents, Developed No Product For World Market. No Skill is required in this – Suzlon had installed the turbines, Mady had secured cheap land for the company which is largely owned by Yashwant Sinha family. @ Rs.500 Cr per Company – This is Rs.50,000 Cr Black Money.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged | 2 Comments

Story Unfolds: Subramanian Swamy’s latest salvo

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged | 2 Comments

Swamy sabotaged Islamic banking

http://www.sunday-guardian.com/news/swamy-sabotaged-islamic-banking

NAVTAN KUMAR  New Delhi | 28th Mar 2015

Pressure from Bharatiya Janata Party leader Subramanian Swamy led to the suspension of the launch of Islamic banking in India. The launch of State Bank of India (SBI) Sharia Mutual Fund, designed to invest in Sharia (Islamic law) compliant companies, was “deferred” at the last moment in December 2014 as Swamy wrote to Prime Minister Narendra Modi about his grievances against the system and got it stalled.

Though SBI Mutual Fund termed the “deferment” as a commercial decision, Swamy admitted to The Sunday Guardian that he wrote a letter to the Prime Minister in December saying that introducing Islamic banking would be “politically and economically disastrous for our country”. “Yes, I wrote a letter to him (Narendra Modi) and he acknowledged it. He acted immediately and asked the concerned officials to stop it. So it was deferred at the eleventh hour,” Swamy said.

In his letter, Swamy spoke about the Kerala government’s decision to introduce a Sharia compliant bank there, which was challenged by him in court. “…The Reserve Bank under the then Governor Dr Y.V. Reddy had filed an affidavit stating that under Indian secular laws and under the Reserve Bank Act, Sharia compliant is not permitted,” reads the letter.

“Now by another door the same is being attempted regretfully because the present Governor of RBI, who is an appointee of the UPA, and for some inexplicable reason he is continuing as Governor of the RBI, namely, Dr Raghuram Rajan. He is openly encouraging the formation of Sharia compliant financially institutions, which in my opinion will be politically and economically disastrous for the country,” Swamy wrote in his letter. He added that “I trust you will ensure that the dubious funds in the Middle East do not enter our country through legally baptized channels of Sharia compliant financial institutions.”

The SBI Sharia fund had received the market regulator SEBI’s green signal. “A few days before the launch date, CEO and MD of SBI MF, Dinesh Khara, had invited me and he was very sure about the launch. He asked us to support it. But it was cancelled suddenly,” said H. Abdur Raqeeb, general secretary of the Indian Centre for Islamic Finance (ICIF).

The SBI has been saying that it needs to study Sharia Mutual Fund more so that the product can be “reoffered as a better and more attractive fund in future”.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been receiving demands from various quarters to introduce a Sharia compliant, interest-free banking, which, it has been claimed, will boost his Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana. In a letter to the PM, the ICIF has urged him “to include the option of an alternate interest-free finance in the banking sector as recommended by Raghuram Rajan Committee on Financial Sector Reforms (CSFR)”.

The CSFR report, submitted by former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Raghuram Rajan, who is now Reserve Bank of India Governor, has observed that “certain faiths prohibit use of financial instrument that pays interest. The non-availability of interest-free banking products results in some Indian — including those in the economically disadvantaged strata of society — not being able to access banking products and services due to reasons of faith.”

“Even after 40 years of nationalization of banks, 60% of the people do not have access to formal banking services and only 5.2% of the villages have bank branches. Marginal farmers, petty traders, landless labourers, self-employed and unorganised sector enterprises, ethnic minority and women — common man of the country. The PM must facilitate interest-free banking in the larger interest of the country,” said Raqeeb.

Former Minority Affairs Minister and Rajya Sabha member K. Rahman Khan said, “I don’t understand why the Sharia compliant mutual fund was deferred suddenly. During my tenure as minister, I facilitated the introduction of interest-free banking. Why should SBI do it when it had already made all the preparations for it?”

According to Raqeeb, interest free banking is not meant for Muslims alone, but for all. “In Malaysia, 40% of the customers of interest-free banking are from other communities. In the United Kingdom, it is 20%,” he said. Sukuk, an Islamic finance product based bond, has emerged as an alternative of investment the world over for infrastructure development and India can also opt for the same. Brazil, one of the BRIC countries, has huge investments in various sectors based on Sukuk. Brazil has a negligible Muslim population.

Sources said that the Reserve Bank of India last year started the process of reviewing regulations on Islamic banking in India by setting up an internal committee. The RBI also allowed a non-banking finance company in Kerala, Cheraman Financial Services, to operate in a Sharia compliant mode.

Globally, Islamic banking is prevalent in many countries, with banks such as Standard Chartered and Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation running Islamic banking divisions, apart from conventional banking operations.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged | 2 Comments

Autocrat’ Kejriwal Shoves Out Rebels

http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/Autocrat-Kejriwal-Shoves-Out-Rebels/2015/03/29/article2735864.ece

Published: 29th March 2015 06:01 AM

Last Updated: 29th March 2015 06:01 AM

NEW DELHI:In politics, it’s what isn’t said that matters. Right now, a lot is being said about Aam Aadmi Party, the party which emerged from the India Against Corruption movement two years ago. A party holding the baton to change politics is now being torn apart with two factions crying “murder of democracy”.

The mess in AAP is out in the open after two founding members Yogendra Yadav and Prashant Bhushan and their supporters Anand Kumar and Ajit Jha were ‘kicked out’ from the national executive for their ‘anti-party activities’ on Saturday.

The day started with the 392-member national executive meet of the party to discuss and vote on the fate of Yadav and Bhushan, whose expulsion was being demanded by national convener of the party Arvind Kejriwal — whom the duo dubbed ‘autocratic’ a day earlier.

The Lokpal of the party, Admiral Ram Das, wrote a letter in which he mentioned a  text message that he received from the General Secretary Pankaj Gupta asking him to stay away from the meeting to “avoid confrontation”. The meeting was attended by 311 invited members, with party MLA’s and MP’s also attending among a large crowd of supporters. Members who failed to show identification, mobile number, and SMS invite were denied entry. Yadav, who sat on dharna for around 20 minutes for not allowing him inside, said A visibly upset Yadav said, “It was a murder of democracy. Everything played out according to a script.”

 Meanwhile, activist Medha Patkar resigned from the party saying, “Yogendra, Bhushan never worked against party.” She added that the party has reduced itself to a “tamasha”.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged | 1 Comment