EXTRACT FROM THE BOOK: ” HISTORY OF THE FREEDOM MOVEMENT IN INDIA – VOL 3 ” – DR. R.C. MAJUMDAR – Firma KLM, Kolkata -
- – – – We are now in a position to assert with confidence that the formation of the INA was one of the major grounds for the decision of the British Government to quit India. This was admitted by no less a person than Clement Attlee, the head of the British Government which conceived the idea of granting freedom to India and carried out the decision in spite of opposition of die-hard Conservatives like Churchill. This is proved by the (English translation of the) following extract of a letter written in Bengali by Shri P.B. Chakravarti, ex-Chief Justice of the High Court, Calcutta, on
30 – 3 – ’76.
” While I was acting as the Governor of West Bengal (in 1956) Lord Attlee, who gave India Freedom by putting an end to British rule, visited India and stayed in Raj Bhavan, Calcutta for two days. I had then a long talk with him about the REAL GROUNDS for the voluntary withdrawal of the British from India. I put it straight to him like this:
” The Quit India Movement of Gandhi practically died out long before 1947 and there was nothing in the Indian situation at that time which made it necessary for the British to leave India in a hurry. Why then did they do so?”
In reply, Attlee cited several reasons, THE MOST IMPORTANT OF WHICH WERE THE ACTIVITIES OF NETAJI SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE WHICH WEAKENED THE VERY FOUNDATION OF THE ATTACHMENT OF THE INDIAN LAND AND NAVAL FORCES TO THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT.
Towards the end I asked Lord Attlee about the extent to which the British decision to quit India was influenced by Gandhi’s activities.
On hearing this question Attlee’s lips widened in a smile of disdain and he uttered, slowly, putting emphasis on each single letter – ‘ MI-NI-MAL’.
‘Coup’ rumours: Media’s irresponsible reporting dents Army’s image
The morning of April 4, 2012 will long be remembered for the unseemly depth to which a well-known national newspaper could sink to.
Routine training moves of two army units in January were played up to raise the spectre of military muscle-flexing. The full-page coverage reported that a unit of mechanised infantry from Hisar and a battalion of paratroopers from Agra had advanced towards the capital without official intimation, thereby causing a scare in the government circles.
The report was not only malicious in intent; it attempted to drive a wedge between the government and the army.
Most army units and formations are located far away from the international border. When hostilities become imminent, they have to move to their designated concentration areas with full war equipment in a very tight time frame.
Training for such movements is called mobilisation drill. Every unit has Standing Operating Procedures that specify every vehicle’s load table for simultaneous action by all troops.
Adeptness in orderly mobilisation is considered to indicate the state of operational readiness of a unit. Therefore, all units regularly practice and hone their mobilisation drills by moving out of their location, driving 50-100 km and camping out for the night.
It is one of the most basic training activities, generally carried out once in three months. During their annual inspections, all units are tested for their proficiency in mobilisation by senior commanders.
Detailed instructions exist as regards keeping the higher headquarters informed of mobilisation drills. However, for a battalion level force of 400-500 men, permission from the concerned formation headquarters is good enough.
Thus, it was a matter of pure coincidence that two units from two unrelated formations decided to practice their mobilisation drills on the night of January 16.
Ludicrousness of the said report can be gauged from the following illogicalities:-
- The report viciously hints that the timing of the above drills coincided with the hearing of the Chief’s case by the Supreme Court, to insinuate that a show of force was a deliberate move. In case the Chief wanted to settle the issue in this manner, would he have appealed to the government and the Apex Court for justice? Which military strongman in the world has ever approached a court for personal redressal? General Kayani granted himself three years extension of service without reference to anyone.
- Can a military intervention be affected with just two battalion-sized units? What stopped the Chief from mobilising the full mechanised division from Hisar and the whole paratroopers’ brigade from Agra? Additionally, there are numerous other cantonments in near vicinity of the capital.
- The report goes to the ridiculous extent of stating that an old contingency plan to delay such a move was activated and instructions were issued to police to carefully check all vehicles on the highways leading to Delhi, with a view to slow down traffic. There cannot be a more preposterous suggestion. Which police check posts can halt the movement of mechanised forces or paratroopers?
- It is also being questioned as to why the practicing troops had to come towards Delhi. Is Delhi not a part of India? Why should heckles go up whenever troops move towards Delhi?
Malicious media hurts
Indian soldiers are highly sentimental by nature. Their dedication to duty, loyalty to the nation and willingness for the supreme sacrifice are driven less by material considerations and more by an overwhelming urge to earn love and respect of their countrymen. A grateful nation’s recognition of their contribution to national security acts as the strongest motivator.
Soldiers felt terribly let down when a leading media house invited a vicious and remorseless enemy like General Pervez Musharraf and groveled before him. It marked the lowest depths to which journalists could stoop. Instead of castigating him for Kargil war, non-release of numerous Indian prisoners of war rotting in Pakistani jails and barbaric treatment meted out to Lt Saurabh Kalia and his patrol, he was treated as a peace loving guest. Can there be a worse act of insensitivity to the families of those who sacrificed their lives for the country!
At no stage is it being advocated that the Indian military should not be subjected to scrutiny. However, criticism should be balanced and objective. It should not be malafide in intent with the sole purpose of denigrating the services.
The apolitical Army
The Indian military has an unblemished record of non-interference in political affairs of the country. Throughout India’s history of thousands of years, there has been only one occasion when the military staged a coup, when the Commander-in-Chief, Pushyamitra, assassinated Bidharta, the last Mauryan Emperor in 185 BC.
During the period of the British rule, ethos of an apolitical military was further ingrained in the psyche of the military officers. Edward Shils, in his authoritative treatise ‘The Military in the Political Development of the New States’ singled out India for ‘stable subordination of the military to the civil power’.
It may come as a surprise to many that discussions on political matters are taboo in the officers’ messes. Officers are politically aware but are not politically inclined. All army officers are convinced that military rule is the worst thing that can happen to a country as no nation in the world has ever prospered under military rule.
Despite its continued marginalisation in the decision making process and regular down-gradation of the status of military leadership, there has not been a single instance of Indian military overstepping the limits of its assigned role. With its impeccable past track record of 65 years, nothing more can be done to convince an alarmist media of its total commitment to civil rule.
V K Singh deserves respect
Military sustains itself on the credibility that its leadership enjoys amongst the rank and file. Deliberate vilification of the image of the military leadership can upset the vital trust-loyalty equation. Therefore, any deliberate damage caused to the standing of the commanders can dent their ability to command commitment. It can prove extremely dear to the country in the long run.
Media has faulted the Chief for insignificant and trivial matters. No one has acknowledged the strength of his character to decline an offer of 14 crore rupees. In a country where people’s representatives sell their votes for 2 crore rupees and where media carries planted stories for a few lacs, or a free ride in the Prime Minister’s aircraft, or the promise of a Padma award, or a nomination to Rajya Sabha, General VK Singh stands out as a rare exception – he deserves a grateful nation’s salute.
Also by Major General Mrinal Suman:
Army Chief has every right to go to court
Scams & the Army: Silence is not golden
Major General Mrinal Suman, AVSM, VSM, PhD, commanded an Engineer Regiment on the Siachen Glacier, the most hostile battlefield in the world. A highly qualified officer (B Tech, MA (Public Administration), MSc (Defence Studies) and a Doctorate in Public Administration) he was also the Task Force Commander at Pokhran and was responsible for designing and sinking shafts for the nuclear tests of May 1998.
Note:The views expressed in the article are of the author’s and not of Sify.com.